국립중앙박물관 NATIONAL MUSEUM OF KOREA

Highlights
Maha-Parinirvana Sutra (The Sutra of the Great Liberation)
  • Exhibition Name

    Buddhist Scriptures Printed Using the Second Tripitaka Koreana Woodblocks

  • Culture/Period

    Goryeo Dynasty

  • Materials

    Paper

  • Category

    religion - Buddhism - enlightenment - Scripture

  • Dimensions

    34.5x12.0cm

  • Accession Number

    Jeung 3476

  • Location

    Goryeo Dynasty II

The Maha-Parinirvana Sutra (The Sutra of the Great Demise) is a Buddhist scripture about Sakyamuni’s attainment of Nirvana, translated by Dharmakema, an Indian monk who travelled to North Liang China. This scripture is known to hold the vastest contents among all extant Nirvana Sutras. The scripture contains the philosophy of Mahayana Buddhism, which is based on the possibility of universal liberation from suffering of all beings and the existence of buddhas and bodhisattvas that embody Buddha Nature. This is the only remaining copy of the Maha-Parinirvana Sutra made by the Daejang Dogam (in Korea), which was the office responsible for the production of Buddhist scriptures, in 1241 (the 28th year of the reign of King Gojong of the Goryeo Dynasty).